698px-Syndyoceras BW
Name Syndyoceras
Order Artiodactyla
Family Protoceratidae
Class Mammalia
Name Translation Together Horn
Period Late Oligocene-Early Miocene
Location North America
Diet Plants
Length 5 feet (1.5 metres) long

Syndyoceras is a small extinct genus of Artiodactyla, of the family Protoceratidae, endemic to central North America from the Eocene epoch (Uintan to Chadronian stage) 24.8—20.6 Million years ago, existing for approximately 4.2 million years.


Syndyocerass skull decorations, however, looked quite unlike those of a deer. It had two pairs of horns. The first was a V-shaped pair on the snout, fused at the base. The second pair was placed between the eyes and the ears and was curved inwards, the horns facing towards each other in a semicircular shape. Like giraffe ossicones, these protrusions were covered with skin. They were probably used for display and fighting.

In addition to the horns, Syndoceras also possessed tusk-like canine teeth, that it may have used to root through soil and undergrowth for food, in a similar manner to a modern musk deer. The shape of the skull also suggests that it may have had an inflated muzzle, like that of a modern saiga.

The 1.5-foot-long (0.46 m) creature closely resembled a deer, having two hooved toes. Like early horses, such as Merychippus, it had two vestigal outer toes on each foot, which did not touch the ground.