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Suchomimus
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous
SuchoJW.png
Suchomimus tenerensis as it appeared in Jurassic World
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Superorder: Theropoda
Genus: Suchomimus
Sereno et al., 1998
Species: S. tenerensis
Binomial name
Suchomimus tenerensis
Sereno et al., 1998

Suchomimus (Greek for "crocodile mimic") is a genus of large spinosaurid dinosaur with a crocodile-like mouth that lived 112 million years ago, during the late Aptian stage of the Cretaceous Period in Niger, Africa. Sharing many traits with its larger, more intelligent descendant Spinosaurus aegyptiacus, such as a sail (though the sail of Spinosaurus was notably larger), Suchomimus was one of the dominant dinosaurs of its time and environment.

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Suchomimus size

Unlike most large theropods, Suchomimus had a very long, low snout and narrow jaws studded with some 100 or more teeth, which were very sharp and curving slightly backward; similiar to structure of Fishing Hooks. The tip of the snout was enlarged and carried a "rosette" of longer and sharper teeth. The animal is reminiscent of crocodilians that eat mainly fish, such as the australian fresh water crocodile, false gharial and gharial, types of large crocodiles with a very long, slim snout, from the regions of asia, that they have presumably similar habitat, snout and ecological niche. Althrough it is known that the spinosaurids rather generalistic/carnivore behaviore; that the suchomimus ecological niche most likely wasn't as specific nor specialized as the gharial and similiar crocodilians.
C0013806-Suchomimus dinosaur, artwork-SPL

Suchomimus also had a medium sized extension of its dorsal vertebrae which may have held up some kind of low ridge or sail of skin, as seen in much more splendid form in Spinosaurus. Detailed study shows that the specimen of Suchomimus was a sub-adult about 10.9 meters (36 ft) in length and weighing between 3-5 tons, but scientists think that it may have grown to about 12.1 meters (40 ft) long and 6 tons, approaching the maximum known size to theropods and carnivorous dinosaurs such as T. rex.

The overall impression is of a massive and powerful creature that ate very big fish & similar water-based food; also all other sorts of meat (carrion, if nothing else is available) more than 100 million years ago, when the Sahara was a lush, swampy habitat full of life unlike the barren desert of today.

Etymology and taxonomic history

Suchomimus-factmonster

[1] There is a Mounted Suchomimus skeleton in Chicago. Suchomimus tenerensis claws and teeth are also in Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia. Suchomimus has been placed among the spinosaurids, a group of large predator-scavengers adapted for hunting fish and with less heavily-built skulls when compared to other similarly-sized theropods, like the tyrannosaurids or carnosaurs. Apart from the back ridge, Suchomimus was very similar to the spinosaurid Baryonyx, which also had strong forelimbs and a huge sickle-curved claw on its "thumb". And, as with Baryonyx, the claw was the first fossil part to be noticed by palaeontologists. Suchomimus was considerably larger than Baryonyx, but a few paleontologists have suggested that the latter might almost have been a juvenile of the former.

Discovery

After discovering new specimens of Carcharodontosaurus and Sarcosuchus, Chicago-based palaeontologist Paul Sereno and his team added a discovery in 1997. In the Sahara, near the Tenere Desert in Niger, they found fossils that represented about two-thirds of the skeleton of a huge meat-eater in the Tegama Bed of the Elrhaz Formation. This was named Suchomimus ("crocodile mimic") after the shape of its head. Its species name comes from the Tenere desert near where it as found

In Popular Culture

  • Suchomimus appeared on the website for Jurassic World, but unfortunately didn't appear in the actual movie.
  • While not in the trailers so far, it has been revealed that there are surviving Suchomimus populations on Isla Nublar, but they and many other dinosaurs will now face an impending danger in the form of an erupting volcano in Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom.
  • It was also mentioned in Jurassic Park III when Billy tried to identify the Spinosaurus.
  • It also appeared in three episodes of the anime series Dinosaur King in the first season.
  • Both A life sized replica & a skeleton of Suchomimus appeared in the National Geographic TV show "Super Croc".
  • Suchomimus will be in Jurassic World: Alive. It seems to be based on the Jurassic World website design.
  • Suchomimus is one of five dinosaurs that are available in deluxe edition of Jurassic World: Evolution. It seems to be based on the Jurassic World website design.
  • It also appears in When Crocs Ate Dinosaurs, being attacked by a Sarcosuchus.
  • An Animated skeleton of Suchomimus made a brief cameo in PBS's Nova National Geographic Special Documentary Bigger Then T.REX.
  • It also appears in Jurassic World: The Game as a legnendary carnivore. Since January 11th, 2016, a fully maxed Suchomimus can be hybrided with a fully maxed Dsungaripterus to make the hybrid Suchoripterus.
  • It also appears in Jurassic Park: Builder as a DNA tournament dinosaur.
  • It also appears in it's 1st PlayStation Game Warpath: Jurassic Park.
  • Suchomimus made it's 1st Arcade appearance in the 1999 Dinosaur Arcade Game Savage Quest.
  • It appeared in the 2004 Sci-Fi Film Dinocroc as a hybrid that is a cross between Suchomimus and Sarcosuchus.
  • It appears in Jurassic World: The Game as a legendary carnivore.
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Gallery

Suchomimus/Gallery