Scolecofurca is a genus of stem-group priapulid worm[2] dating from the Middle Cambrian period approximately 505 million years ago.

It is known from a single fossil specimen from the Raymond Quarry in the Burgess Shale in the Canadian Rockies.[1] The only known species in the genus Scolecofurca rara was first described by Conway Morris in 1977 as a possible primitive priapulid, but later shown to belong to the priapulid stem group.[3] Its name is derived from the Greek skolex (worm) and the Latin furca (fork) and rara (infrequent).[3]