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Kyptoceras
Temporal range: Early Pliocene
Kyptoceras by karkemish00-d5b9lpu.jpg
An artist's illustration and size comparison of Kyptoceras amatorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Protoceratidae
Genus: Kyptoceras
Webb, 1981
Binomial name
Kyptoceras amatorum
Webb, 1981

Kyptoceras is an extinct genus of small protoceratid endemic to southeastern North America from the Early Pliocene epoch 23.03—3.6 Ma, existing for approximately 19.43 million years.

TaxonomyEdit

Kyptoceras was named by Webb (1981). Its type is Kyptoceras amatorum. It is the type genus of Kyptoceratini. It was assigned to Kyptoceratini by Webb (1981), Prothero (1998), Webb et al. (2003) and Prothero and Ludtke (2007).

MorphologyEdit

Kyptoceras is the last known member of the family. The protoceratids were believed to have been driven to extinction by more advanced grazing herbivores, but in Florida, where there were still relatively large tracts of forest, the protoceratids were able to survive. This species genus name comes from its bent horns, in which the two horns above the eyes curved over its head, and the two nasal horns pointed forward. The species name, amatorum, comes in honor of all amateur fossil collectors, including Frank Garcia (Ruskin, Florida) the amateur who found it and donated it to the Florida Museum of Natural History.

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