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Josephoartigasia
Temporal range: Pliocene – Early Pleistocene
Josephoartigasia BW.jpg
A restoration of Josephoartigasia monesi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Dinomyidae
Genus: Josephoartigasia
Mones, 2007
Referred species
  • Josephoartigasia magna (Francis & Mones, 1966)
  • Josephoartigasia monesi (Rinderknecht & Blanco 2008)

Josephoartigasia was genus of giant rodent from the Early to Late Pliocene related to the living pacarana]. The genus includes the largest known rodent, Josephoartigasia monesi. The two species would have resembled gigantic pacarana, or capybaras the size of cows.

As the first specimen was found in Uruguay, it was named in honour of José Artigas, the libertador of the country.

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