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Temporal range: Pliocene – Early Pleistocene
|A restoration of Josephoartigasia monesi|
Josephoartigasia was genus of giant rodent from the Early to Late Pliocene related to the living pacarana]. The genus includes the largest known rodent, Josephoartigasia monesi. The two species would have resembled gigantic pacarana, or capybaras the size of cows.
As the first specimen was found in Uruguay, it was named in honour of José Artigas, the libertador of the country.