Panthera Onca Gombaszoegensis
Panthera gombaszoegensis
Name Panthera Onca Gombaszoegensis
Order Carnivora
Family Felidae
Class Mammalia
Name Translation European Jaguar
Period Early-Middle Pleistocene epoch of the Cenozoic Era
Location Europe
Diet Carnivore
Length 6-8 feet (1.8-2.5 metres) long

The European Jaguar (Panthera (Onca) Gombaszoegensis) distributed from the end of the Late Pliocene about 1.5 million years ago and early Pleistocene in Eurasia and is the earliest known Panthera species in Europe. The uniqueness of this cat is that it can be considered as a link between large Pantherine cats of the Old and New Worlds. Fossil remains were first known from the Olivola site in Italy and under the synonym Panthera toscana from other Italian localities. Later specimens have been found in England, Germany, Spain, France and the Netherlands. Sometimes it is recognized as a subspecies of Panthera onca, the jaguar.

European jaguars were larger than those found in South America, and were therefore probably capable of bringing down larger prey. A form similar to Panthera gombaszoegensis has been found dating from the early Pleistocene of East Africa and had both lion- and tiger-like characters. The European jaguar was probably a solitary animal. It has often been thought to be a forest-dwelling cat, with similar habits to the modern jaguar, although recent work suggests that the association between the European jaguar and forested habitats is not as strong as has often been assumedBased on careful study of the characteristics of the teeth, it was concluded the fitness of Panthera Leo gombaszoegensis, Panthera Toscana and Panthera schreuderi to be the same species. Priority was for the species name Panthera gombaszoegensis.

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