Temporal range: Early Pleistocene – Early Holocene
An artist's illustration of Eremotherium laurillardi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Xenarthra
Order: Pilosa
Family: Megatheriidae
Tribe: Megatheriini
Subtribe: Megatheriina
Genus: Eremotherium
Spillmann, 1948
Referred species
  • Eremotherium eomigrans
    (De Iullis & Cartelle 1999)
  • Eremotherium laurillardi
    (Lund 1842)
  • Eremotherium rusconi
    (Schaub 1935)

Eremotherium is an extinct genus of ground sloth of the family Megatheriidae, endemic to North America and South America during the Pleistocene epoch. It lived from 4.9 mya—11,000 years ago existing (as a genus) for approximately 4.889 million years.

E. rusconi reached a length up to 6 m (20 ft) and a weight of more than 3 tonnes.


Eremotherium was named by Spillmann (1948) and was assigned to Megatheriinae by Gaudin (1995); and to Megatheriidae by Spillmann (1948), Carroll (1988) and Cisneros (2005).

Fossil distributionEdit

Fossils have been uncovered from Chatham County, Georgia; Berkeley County, South Carolina; Espirito Santo; and Pedra Preta, Brazil; Tarapoto, Peru (giant form); Rio Canas, Ecuador.

In the MediaEdit