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Temporal range: Miocene
|A restored sketch sheet of Climacoceras africanus|
| †Climacoceras africanus|
Climacoceras was a genus of artiodactyl ungulates that lived in Africa and Europe of the early Miocene. The members of Climacoceras were related to giraffes, as the genus was once placed within Giraffidae. Fossils of the two best known species of Climacoceras, Climacoceras africanus and Climacoceras gentryi have been both found in Kenya. The animals measured about 1.5 m in height and had large ossicones resembling antlers. Climacoceras africanus had ossicones resembling tall thorn-covered plant stems, while the ossicones of Climacoceras gentryi resembled thorny crescents.
Other Climacoceratidae include Prolibytherium from Egypt and Libya and Orangemeryx from Namibia and South Africa.