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Temporal range: Late Oligocene – Early Pliocene
Rarezas-extintas 4 1277597.jpg
An artist's illustration of Chalicotherium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Chalicotheriidae
Genus: Chalicotherium
J. J. Kaup, 1833
Referred species
  • Macrotherium Lartet, 1837

Chalicotherium is an odd-toed perissodactyl ungulate genus from Oligocene Mongolia, better known as the chalicothere. It numbered several species, all of whom had claws instead of hooves, unlike its relatives such as Ancylotherium. Chalicotheres were related to horses and rhinoceroses, but they fed like pandas, and walked like modern apes or extinct ground sloths did.

Pic 07

A Soviet depiction of the Chalicotherium.

During the Oligocene and the Miocene the chalicotheres were some of the biggest mammals around, but as time went and new animals, like Amphicyon, evolved and grew bigger, smarter, and more powerful, chalicotheres began to die out - and the deterioration of the climate contributed to that as well, until by the time of the Pleistocene they were all gone, with the hooved chalicotheres like Ancylotherium going last. 

Relatives of Chalicotherium - the other chalicotheres include Protomoropus, Moropus, Kalimantsia and Ancylotherium.


Taxonomic HistoryEdit

  • Chalicotherium as it appears in Walking with Beasts
  • Chalicotherium as it appears in ARK: Survival Evoled
  • Chalicotherium as it appears in Ice Age


In the MediaEdit

  • Chalicotherium 1st appeared in the 3rd episode of the BBC Documentary Walking With Prehistoric Beasts.
  • Chalicotherium is one of the creatures that will appear in ARK: Survival Evolved.
  • A Chalicotherium also appears briefly in Ice Age: The Meltdown With an upset stomach.

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