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Cearadactylus

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Cearadactylus
Temporal range: mid-Cretaceous
[[file:
DAK Cearadactylus

Cearadactylus

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Pterosauria
Suborder: Pterodactyloidea
Family: Ctenochasmatidae
Genus: Cearadactylus
Leonardi & Borgomanero, 1985
Species
  • C. atrox Leonardi & Borgomanero, 1985 (type)
Cearadactylus atrox

Cearadactylus atrox.

Cearadactylus atrox (meaning "Ceara's lethal finger") was a large, mid-Cretaceous (Aptian) pterosaur. Its wingspan is estimated to have been around 4 to 5.5 metres (13 to 18 feet), with a weight of perhaps 15 kilograms.

Its kinked upper jaw and its interlocking teeth suggest a piscivourous diet, allowing the animal to keep hold of slippery fish.

The type species is Cearadactylus atrox, described and named by Leonardi and Borgomanero in 1985. It was discovered on the Araripe plateau (Santana Formation) in northeastern Brazil and is known from a single skull.[1]

In popular culture

  • It was in the original Jurassic Park novel by Michael Crichton.
  • In The Land Before Time VII there is a sinister Cearadactylus named Sierra.
  • In Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs they appear in the third film chasing Buck, Crash and Eddie while they were flying to save Sid in Lava Falls. They almost caught them but Buck piloted Roger to Lava Falls. He pulled up sharply in front of a lava waterfall, but the Cearadactylus were unable to pull up fast enough and they plunged straight into the lava.
    Ice age cearadactylus

References

  1. Leonardi, G. & Borgomanero, G. (1985). "Cearadactylus atrox nov. gen., nov. sp.: novo Pterosauria (Pterodactyloidea) da Chapada do Araripe, Ceara, Brasil." Resumos dos communicaçoes VIII Congresso bras. de Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 27: 75–80.
  • Unwin, D.M. (2002). "On the systematic relationships of Cearadactylus atrox, an enigmatic Early Cretaceous pterosaur from the Santana Formation of Brazil." Mitteilungen Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Geowissenschaftlichen Reihe, 5: 239-263.

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