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Temporal range: Late Miocene – Pliocene
A restoration of Bramatherium perimense
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Giraffidae
Genus: Bramatherium
Falconer, 1845
Type species
Bramatherium perimense
Falconer 1845
Referred species
  • Bramatherium giganteus (Khan and Sarwar 2002)
  • Bramatherium grande (Lydekker 1880)
  • Bramatherium magnum Pilgrim 1910
  • Bramatherium megacephalum (Lydekker 1876)
  • Bramatherium perimense
  • Bramatherium progressus
  • Bramatherium suchovi (Godina 1977)

Bramatherium is an extinct genus of giraffe that ranged from India to Turkey in Asia. It is closely related to the larger Sivatherium.


The first part of the generic name, Brahma, is in reference to the Hindu God of creation . The second part, "therium", is a Greek word 'meaning 'beast'.


Bramatherium is a representative sivatheriine with very unusual horns. In Sivatherium it is usually more developed with very large rear ossicones, while Bramatherium has them at the front. Most likely these horns was a demo feature, although it is possible that they use them automatically to pick up in fights between males: with a massive base of ossicones and sent to the rear pair. Bramatherium were very large ungulate mammals and reached 2.5 m in height at the shoulders, for not very long legs and neck. It inhabited dry savannahs and open woodlands and they ate leaves and twigs off trees and shrubs. Bramatherium was built very similarly to Sivatherium. Alive, it would have resembled a heavily-built Okapi and had five ossicones, the anterior pair being large and horn-like, and the posterior three being small, and bump-like.